People on the east coast of India, Sanskrit Calinga, lived about where Orissa is today; capital city Pertalis (Plin. HN 6,64; 65; 7,30, perhaps following Megasthenes). Their land was conquered in 261 BC by Aśoka in a bloody war and incorporated into the empire of the Mauryas; probably identical with the Calliga of Ptol. (7,1,93, in the Maesolia in eastern India).
A. Herrmann, s.v. Kalingai, RE 10, 1604f.
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Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 20 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e605920>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510