The rock of Gibraltar ( Pylae Gadeirides). The derivation of the name from the Greek κάλπη (kálpē) = κάλπις/kálpis ‘jug’ (already found in Avien. 348) is founded on popular etymology, based on the cavity in the eastern face of the rock (Mela 2,95), which nowadays is largely taken up by fill and the town of Gibraltar itself . Maybe the Greeks transferred this name -- of unknown origin -- from the Bithynian C. (modern K…
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Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam) and
Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 30 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e607320>