Brill’s New Pauly

Get access

(86 words)

[German version]

The Romans used the word capitale whenever the  death penalty (also poena capitis) was concerned: for the crime itself, the legal process, as well as in passing and executing a sentence, but also for the loss of personal freedom or citizenship ( deminutio capitis ) and particularly with reference to exile ( exilium ), when -- from the late Republican period -- this indeed replaced the death penalty for Roman citizens.


E. Cantarella, I supplizi capitali in Grecia e a Roma, 1991.

Cite this page
Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Capitale”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 April 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

▲   Back to top   ▲