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Casium
(172 words)

[German version]

(Κάσιον sc. ὄρος). Hellenized form of Hurrite Ḫazzi, name of the 1,770 m high Ǧebel al-Aqra, i.e. Ṣaphon, the mount of the gods with the residence of the god  Baal c. 40 km north of  Ugarit in north-western Syria. In the 1st millennium BC the Ṣaphon/Casium became the Syrio-Palestine mount of the gods ̣par excellence; the name Casium is also to be found in the Nile delta on Lake Sirbon (Hdt. 2,6,1; 3,5,2) where the border between Egypt and Syria ran (Hdt. 2,158,4). In Syria the cult of  Zeus Casius was practised on the Casium until the 4th cent. AD. Important visito…

Cite this page
Niehr, Herbert (Tübingen), “Casium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e609990>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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