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Census
(447 words)

[German version]

From the general meaning of censere (etymologically from centrum) the following specialized uses of the term census are derived:

1. The census of citizens in the Republican period. According to Roman historical tradition (Liv. 1,42,5), it was first the kings and later the consuls who carried out censuses of the citizenry in order to establish obligations for military and other types of service, and liability for tax. From 443 BC (Liv. 4,8,2) two censors bear responsibility for the census over a term of office lasting five years ( lustrum ). They have to announce the …

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Gizewski, Christian (Berlin), “Census”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e230200>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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