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Chalcidice
(493 words)

[German version]

(Χαλκιδική; Chalkidikḗ). The name C., used today for the entire peninsula with its three extended fingers, in antiquity referred only to the area occupied by the Chalcidians on Sithonia and its hinterland, which they probably settled before the great period of Greek colonization (middle of the 8th cent. BC). The coastal towns are first mentioned by name at the time of Xerxes' march, and later, together with inland towns, as members of the Athenian League. In 432 the majority secede…

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Makris, Georgios (Bochum) and Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel), “Chalcidice”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e231170>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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