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Characene
(301 words)

[German version]

Term derived from the city of Charax ( Charax Spasinou), and describing the territory at the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris and on the northern margin of the Persian Gulf (Plin. HN 6,136, on  Susiana; Ptol. Geogr. 6,3,3, on  Elymaeis); as a geographical term roughly corresponding to  Mesene (original form in oriental sources: Maišan), although the exact relationship between the two terms is unknown. Once power had passed from the Seleucids to the Parthians (141 BC), the local rulers were able to establish and assert thems…

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Oelsner, Joachim (Leipzig), “Characene”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e231500>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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