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Cheops
(167 words)

[German version]

(Egyptian Nmw-ḫwj.f-wj; Hdt. Χέοψ (Chéops), Manetho Σοῦφις (Soûphis), Ps.-Eratosth. fr. 17 Σαῶφις (Saôphis); in Diod. Sic. 1,63 also  Chemmis/Χέμμις). Second ruler of the 4th dynasty; according to the Turin Papyrus of Kings reigned 23 years (c. 2550 BC). Nothing is known of political events during his reign. C. inaugurated the necropolis at  Giza, where with the construction of his pyramid (the largest) and establishment of a cemetery for members of the elite he realized the concept of a unified royal residence necropolis, expressi…

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Seidlmayer, Stephan Johannes (Berlin), “Cheops”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e232300>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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