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Chiton
(507 words)

[German version]

(χιτών; chitón). Greek undergarment, originally of linen, then wool; probably of Semitic origin ( Clothing). Frequent occurrences in Homer (e.g. Il. 2,42; 262; 416; 3,359; Od. 14,72; 19,242), show that the chiton was already a part of Greek costume in early times, and a favoured garment for men. The chiton came into fashion for women during the 1st half of the 6th cent. BC, and later replaced the  peplos (vase paintings, sculptures). The chiton consists of two rectangular lengths of material (ptéryges, wings), 150-180 cm wide and of varying length, sewn toget…

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Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg), “Chiton”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 13 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e232830>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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