Brill’s New Pauly

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(235 words)

[German version]

In Graeco-Roman antiquity terms comparable to the modern term citizenship,  politeía (πολιτεία) and  civitas , originally not only designated individual rights but also the totality of citizens, the political organization of citizens in the sense of a constitution and an autonomous community. Citizenship was usually attained by being born to parents with citizenship ( conubium ) or granted by resolution of the community or an authorized person, in Rome also through private manumission from slavery ( manumissio ). Admission to citizenship was very restric…

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Eder, Walter (Berlin), “Citizenship”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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