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Civil law
(3,179 words)

I. Ancient Orient

[German version]

A. General

The term civil law (CL), which is derived from Roman law, covers the legal position of individuals in legal transactions and with respect to family and society. Depending on the definition, family and inheritance law are part of CL.  Legal texts in cuneiform -- as opposed to mature Roman law -- as a pre-scientific legal system are legal institutions derived from practice -- the modern categories used here are an…

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Hengstl, Joachim (Marburg/Lahn), Witthuhn, Orell (Marburg) and Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Civil law”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e915640>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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