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Civitas
(630 words)

[German version]

A. Community

Civitas is the totality of the cives, just as societas is that of the socii. Its meaning is largely synonymous with  populus , but it was rarely used by the Romans for their own state (instead: populus Romanus) but instead was the official expression for all non-Roman communities, tribes and Greek poleis with republican constitutions. A people of the state is the characteristic of a civis, almost always a defined territory with a certain  autonomy (suis legibus uti) and mostly an urban centre.

Classific…

Cite this page
Galsterer, Hartmut (Bonn), “Civitas”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e235100>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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