Brill’s New Pauly

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Cliens, clientes
(844 words)

[German version]

Lat. name for free dependants of powerful Roman citizens of higher social status. Although this kind of dependancy was a widespread phenomenon in antiquity (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 2,9 mentions the pelátai of Athens and the penéstai of Thessaly), Rome can be regarded as a special case in that here rights and duties of the cliens were precisely defined and his status in respect of his patronus was protected in Twelve Tables law (8.21). The cliens was in a relationship of allegiance (in fide) to his patronus, or, put another way, under his protection. There is no indica…

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Lintott, A. W. (Oxford), “Cliens, clientes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e301570>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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