Instrument for measuring time based on water flowing from a container have been found in Egypt, the oldest one being from the period of Amenophis  (1392-1355 BC) [2. plate 18; 5. fig. III.25]. These instruments were normally shaped like flat-bottomed vases with a hole in the base, an outflow of 2 to 4 cm length and calibration marks on the inside. Time was measured by the water…
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Dohrn-van Rossum, Gerhard,
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1224080>