Brill’s New Pauly

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(2,456 words)

I. Ancient Orient and Egypt

[German version]

A. Water clocks

Instrument for measuring time based on water flowing from a container have been found in Egypt, the oldest one being from the period of Amenophis [3] (1392-1355 BC) [2. plate 18; 5. fig. III.25]. These instruments were normally shaped like flat-bottomed vases with a hole in the base, an outflow of 2 to 4 cm length and calibration marks on the inside. Time was measured by the water quanti…

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DA.BR. and Dohrn-van Rossum, Gerhard, “Clocks”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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