Brill’s New Pauly

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(8,308 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient (Egypt, South-West Asia, India)

Archaeologically attested since the Neolithic and documented since the 3rd millennium BC, long-distance or overland commerce -- as opposed to exchange and allocation of goods on a local level according to daily needs -- was founded on the necessity for ensuring the supply of so-called strategic goods (metal, build…

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Renger, Johannes (Berlin), Briese, Christoph (Randers), Bieg, Gebhard (Tübingen), de Souza, Philip (Twickenham), Drexhage, Hans-Joachim (Marburg), Schreiner, Peter (Cologne) and Kuchenbuch, Ludolf (Hagen), “Commerce”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 09 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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