Brill’s New Pauly

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(722 words)

Joint ownership of an object in Roman law.

[German version]

A. Past history

The most important circumstances that led to the formation of a communio entailed a community of purchasers (societas quaestus) or a community of heirs. Regarding both, the communio did not gain acceptance until late, towards the end of the Republic. Before that, multiple heirs were joined in a community of ercto non cito (after erctum ciere: to make a division), as we know from the papyrus find of 1933, containing Gaius, Institutiones 3, 154a, b…

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Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Communio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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