Brill’s New Pauly

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Comparison
(446 words)

[German version]

In ancient rhetoric, the terms εικών/eikṓn (literally ‘image’, ‘illustration’: often for short comparisons), παραβολή/parabolḗ (especially for similes) as well as Latin simile, similitudo cover diverse phenomena dominating a word, sentence or even a text that create a relationship between two facts or spheres of the imagination. The primary function of emphasis placed the comparison close to the  topos (Quint. Inst. 4,1,70), and the exemplum (5,11,22; but cf. Cic. Inv. 1,49), the figurae sententiarum (Cic. De or. 3,201 = Quint. Inst. 9,1,31;  figures).

A theory…

Cite this page
Walde, Christine (Basle), “Comparison”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12201420>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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