Brill’s New Pauly

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(481 words)

[German version]

Derived from congius (a liquid measure), the term congiarium designated in the Republican period the distribution of wine and oil organized by Roman officials, but under the Principate the distribution of money to the plebs urbana. The term congiarium is rarely used in the context of extra payments to soldiers (donativum; CIL VIII 18042). In the course of the 2nd cent. AD, the term congiarium is replaced by the term liberalitas and in the 4th cent. by largitio. The distribution occurred on the occasion of triumphs, the accession of a princeps, the tirocinium of the heir …

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Corbier, Mireille (Paris), “Congiarium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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