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Corniculum, cornicularii
(182 words)

[German version]

In the Republican period the corniculum was one of the  dona militaria (Liv. 10,44,5; Suet. Gram. 9; CIL I2 709 = ILS 8888); in the Principate the cornicula were then no more than insignia of rank. The exact meaning of the word is disputed. It is derived either from cornus (cornelian cherry) or from cornu (horn). Accordingly it meant either two small spears (cf. Pol. 6,39) or else small horns which hung from the helmets. The cornicularii represented the elite of the  principales and undoubtedly carried out administrative duties, since civil cornicularii are attested (Va…

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Le Bohec, Yann (Lyon), “Corniculum, cornicularii”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e307000>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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