(Κρής). Eponym of the island of Crete. The contradictory myths mirror the island's various archaic institutions and mythologems. C. is regarded as the son of Zeus and an Idaeic nymph, but also as the protector of newborn Zeus (in this context he is addressed as Curete or as the King of the Curetes); his son is Talos. He is an autochthonous king and the bringer of culture, but also a lawmaker like Minos, who influenced the late Spartan lawmaker Lycurgus as well (Ephoros, FGrH 145; Diod. Sic. 5,64,1; Steph. Byz. s.v. Κρήτη).
Cite this pageGraf, Fritz (Columbus, OH), “Cres”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e622750>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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