The legal technical category in classical Roman jurisprudence of the Principate applied to public criminal procedures (iudicium publicum) where crimes were prosecuted based upon accusation (accusatio). As with civil legal forms in Roman Law, it is not a characteristic routine legal transaction but should rather be understood as a means of attack and defence in a trial (actio, exceptio). The meaning of the term crimen predomina…
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Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 13 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e308050>