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Critias
(386 words)

[German version]

(Κριτίας; Kritías) of Athens, born about 460 BC, descended from an old Attic noble family, on his mother's side he was an uncle of  Plato. Like  Alcibiades [3] he belonged to the circle around  Socrates. Politically he belonged to the antidemocratic forces: in 415 he was accused of participating in the mutilation of the  Herms, in 411 he was a member of the oligarchic council of the 400 ( Tetrakosioi). After the democratic restoration he stayed in Thessaly until 404, after the Athenian defeat in 404 he was one of the leaders of the terror regime of the 30 tyrants ( Triakonta). …

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Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg), “Critias”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 03 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e623290>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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