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Croesus
(1,028 words)

(Κροῖσος; Kroîsos, Latin Croesus).

[German version]

A. Historic person

Lydian king (c. 560-547 BC), last of the Mermnad dynasty ( Mermnadae). The most important source remains  Herodotus' Lydian Logos (Hdt. 1,6-94), even though he preserved little that is Ancient Anatolian. C.'s mother was Carian ( Caria), that of his brother Pantaleon Ionian (Hdt. 1,92). A queen is never mentioned.

As prince Croesus was the mercenary captain and governor in  Adramyttium (FGrH 90 F 65), later perhaps co-reg…

Cite this page
Högemann, Peter (Tübingen) and Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance), “Croesus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e623480>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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