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Crusta, Crustae
(91 words)

[German version]

Ancient technical term used in  construction technique. According to Vitruvius (2,8,7 and passim), a term for the frames or facings of walls made from cast cement ( opus caementicium ), later used generally for the covering of floors, roofs and walls with  stucco, marble, travertine or  mosaic. In  toreutics crusta also refers to the relief-adorned ‘jacket’, the ‘shell’ surrounding the body of the receptacle proper.


Georges 1, s.v. c., 1775f.

A. Rumpp, s.v. C., KlP 1, 1336

H.-O. Lamprecht, Opus Caementicium Bautechnik…

Cite this page
Höcker, Christoph (Kissing), “Crusta, Crustae”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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