Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,178 words)

[1] Inventor of pneumatics, 1st half of the 3rd cent. BC

[German version]

A. Life and Work

A Greek mechanic and inventor of the first half of the 3rd cent. BC, who came from Alexandria (Vitr. De arch. 9,8,2; Philo of Byzantium, Belopoiika 67) and worked there, C. was the founder of  pneumatics.

In an epigram (Ath. 497d), C.'s contemporary Hedylus mentions a hydro-acoustic double horn of plenty, with which C. is said to have adorned a statue of the ‘divine Arsinoe’. A…

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Krafft, Fritz (Marburg/Lahn), “Ctesibius”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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