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Cuneiform script
(657 words)

[German version]

is the old Mesopotamian writing system whose spread reached west into  Asia Minor (19th-13th cents. BC), into the Caucasus ( Urartu, 9th-7th cents.), and south-west to  Syria (since the 24th cent.,  Ebla) and Palestine, temporarily also into Egypt ( Amarna letters). Cuneiform script (CS) was written from the left to the right. The ‘wedge’ shape of the individual stroke elements of the signs resulted from the act of pressing the stylus into moist clay, but the transfer of this ‘wedge’-shape to inscriptions on stone also brought about the modern term of CS (cf. Latin cuneu…

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Edzard, Dietz Otto (Munich), “Cuneiform script”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 07 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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