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Damnatio in crucem
(149 words)

[German version]

Latin  crux or damnatio in crucem (‘sentencing to crucifixion’), Greek during the Hellenistic period ἀνασταύρωσις/anastaúrōsis (which, however, in Hdt. 3,125 and probably also in Xenophon [10] of Ephesos 4,2 means ‘impaling’) was only one of several ways of exacting the  death penalty (II) in the Roman empire. It probably originated as deterrence against slaves in the context of the  coercitio (‘power of coercion’) by the  tresviri [1] capitales. Damnatio in crucem was perhaps based on Oriental and Punic precedents. At the time of the crucifixion of  Jesus it was a…

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Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Damnatio in crucem”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 04 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12223450>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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