Brill’s New Pauly

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(268 words)

[German version]

(Δαναοί; Danaoí). Middle Helladic ethnic group [1] of uncertain etymology; mentioned in Egypt in the 14th cent. BC on the base of the monument to Amenophis III in Karnak as Danaia (tniw) in connection with the Argolid/Peloponnese [2], possibly also connected with the Danuna belonging to the sea peoples, who were conquered by Ramses III in 1190 BC [3]. Used in the Homeric epics as a metric variant, as are ‘Argeioi’ and  ‘Achaean’, to describe the Greek population as a whole (e.g. Il. 9,34ff.; 9,370f.) [4]. Following the same tradition, it is used by P…

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Schaffner, Brigitte (Basle), “Danai”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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