Brill’s New Pauly

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Decas
(89 words)

[German version]

(δεκάς; dekás). From Homeric into Hellenistic times, the basic unit in Greek and Macedonian infantry and cavalry armies (Hom. Il. 2,126; Hdt. 3,25,6; Xen. Hell. 7,2,6; Hipp. 4,9; Arr. Anab. 7,23,3; Anaximenes FGrH 72 F4; P. Cairo Zen. 1,7-11; 2,22-24; Frontin. Str. 4,1,6), which was commanded by a decadarch (Xen. Hipp. 2,2-6). Normally, the unit comprised ten men with a possible further division into groups of five; deviations from this practice occurred.

Bibliography

1 Kromayer/Veith 90f.

2 M. Launey, Recherches sur les armées …

Cite this page
Burckhardt, Leonhard (Basle), “Decas”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 November 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e313180>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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