(1) In Athens the demarchos was the highest office-holder in each of the 139 demes ( Demos ), into which Cleisthenes had divided the polis ([Aristot.] Ath. Pol. 54,8). By no later than the 4th cent. BC the demarchos was elected by lot in each dḗmos for one year; the demarchos for Piraeus on the other hand was appointed by the …
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Rhodes, Peter J. (Durham) and
Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e314030>