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Demeter
(3,322 words)

(Ionian-Attic Δημήτηρ; Dēmḗtēr, Doric-Boeotian Δαμάτηρ; Damátēr, Aeolian Δωμάτηρ; Dōmátēr, Attic short form Δηώ; Dēṓ). Goddess of agriculture, especially grain cultivation, womanhood and the Mysteries.

[German version]

A. Name

The name is only partly comprehensible. In the second part of the word ‘mother’ is recognizable, for the first part ancient writers offer two interpretations, a connection with ‘earth’ (/) or a word for grain (Cretan dēaí, ‘barley’)…

Cite this page
Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) and Ley, Anne (Xanten), “Demeter”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e314080>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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