Brill’s New Pauly

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(2,953 words)

[German version]

I. Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia did not develop a generic term for demons. A large number of immortal beings was known that each had their own name and acted as servants of the gods and as enemies or helpers of humans. They did not have cults of their own. Since demons were only able to exercise their limited powers, which manifested themselves in physical and psychological illnesses, with the approva…

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Maul, Stefan (Heidelberg), Jansen-Winkeln, Karl (Berlin), Niehr, Herbert (Tübingen), Macuch, Maria (Berlin) and Johnston, Sarah Iles (Princeton), “Demons”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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