Brill’s New Pauly

Get access
Search Results: Prev | 1 of 199 |

Dictator
(405 words)

[German version]

(from dictare, ‘to dictate’, ‘to have recorded in writing’, ‘to arrange’; other etymologies in Cic. Rep. 1,63: quia dicitur). The holder of an exceptional, emergency, comprehensive ─ yet temporary ─ appointment under the Roman Republic. An empowered civil servant, i.e. a consul or if necessary even a praetor, could name a dictator (dictatorem dicere), theoretically on his own initiative, but in practice after consultation with the Senate and other officials. The dictator would then hold an  imperium limited to six months, free from collegial intercession …

Cite this page
Gizewski, Christian (Berlin), “Dictator”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e316970>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲