Brill’s New Pauly

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(387 words)

[German version]

D., which was first mentioned in the early 3rd millennium BC in Mesopotamian economic texts, was once exclusively identified with the island of  Baḥrain. However, archaeological evidence from the eastern province of Saudi Arabia, Failaka Island and Qaṭar demonstrates that D. varied in size over time. According to written and archaeological records, D. was a crossroads of trade in the Persian Gulf during the 3rd and early 2nd millennium BC. In the mid 2nd millennium, D. became a colony of the Kassites wh…

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Heinz, Marlies (Freiburg), “Dilmun”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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