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Divortium
(442 words)

[German version]

(from divertere, to turn away) is divorce in Roman law. Its basis is clearly set out in a rescript of Alexander Severus in AD 223 (Cod. Iust. 8,38,2): libera matrimonia esse antiquitus placuit (it was recognized of old that marriage is free). Whether this was true of marriages in the early times that were celebrated with special rites is doubtful. But even here extant sources mention that provision was made for a form of divorce ( diffarreatio ). The ‘freedom’ of marriage meant in particular that no grounds were required for its dissolution: neither the g…

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Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Divortium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e321820>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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