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Dolus
(403 words)

[German version]

means (in a narrow sense) malicious deception. Servius Sulpicius defines dolus in that sense as machinationem quandam alterius decipiendi causa, cum aliud simulatur et aliud agitur (a form of dealing to deceive others, in that something is feigned while something else is [actually] done, Ulp. Dig. 4,3,1,2). Along with that meaning dolus in Roman law encompasses a variety of other unacceptable forms of behaviour. In the early Republic dolus first appears as a form of culpability that constitutes an essential element in certain offences (e.g.  furtum ) and crimina (e.g…

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Meissel, Franz-Stefan (Vienna), “Dolus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e322260>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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