Brill’s New Pauly

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(753 words)

[German version]

The dos was in Roman law the dowry. Marriage in and of itself had no influence on the property rights of the spouses. According to old custom, a dowry belonged to a marriage, although it was not prescribed by law. A wife who entered into the legal power (manus) of her husband merged her property, as well as future acquisitions, with the property of her husband or his paterfamilias. If a wife was under the legal power of a paterfamilias, he handed over a dowry to the husband; if the woman was legally independent (sui iuris), she transferred a dowry to her husband herself tha…

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Treggiari, Susan (Stanford), “Dos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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