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Druids
(554 words)

[German version]

(Druides, Druida). Latinization of the Celtic stem *drui(d), ‘the very wise’; the ambiguity with the Greek δρῦς (drys) ‘oak’ was apparently intentional (cf. Plin. HN 16,249) [1. 1321f.; 2. 430]. They were first referred to by the Peripatetic Sotion 200/170 BC (Diog. Laert. 1,1,6f.), later references are based at least in part on the lost historical work by Posidonius. According to them, the druidae formed, together with the bardi and  vates , a hierarchically organized branch of the Celtic priestly caste, with an orally-transmitted secret teaching,…

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Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum), “Druids”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 13 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e324520>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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