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Ebla
(525 words)

[German version]

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Mesopotamia

Town in North West Syria (today Tall Mardı̄ḫ, c. 60 km southwest of Aleppo). Excavations since 1964 show proof of extensive building developments from the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC; since 1974, substantial archives with c. 17,000 clay tablets and fragments (24th/23rd cents. BC) have come to light. They are written in the  Cuneiform script adopted from Mesopotamia and composed in an archaic Semitic language on whose character there are differing opinions ( Eblaite). So far, they represent the earliest wri…

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Klengel, Horst (Berlin), “Ebla”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e325590>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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