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Ecstasy
(993 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient

In Mesopotamia, the ecstatic state is described as maḫû, ‘to be outside of oneself, to be crazy, to rave’. It is possible that the verb tebû, ‘to elevate oneself’, used in the Mari-Letters already points to the special mental state of a  prophet. The term maḫḫû, ‘ecstatic’, is documented again and again since the 24th cent. BC [1]. Ecstasy occurs primarily in the context of delivering oracles at the temple and is therefore controllable. Ecstasy is a method…

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Pongratz-Leisten, Beate (Tübingen) and Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH), “Ecstasy”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e328250>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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