Name of the language used by the residents of the country of Edom ( Idumaea) south-east of the Dead Sea. Linguistically, E. should be placed between Phoenician and Hebrew. It is recorded in only a few inscriptions on ostraca and seals (7th/6th cents. BC).
W. R. Garr, Dialect Geography of Syria-Palestine, 1985
L. Herr, The Scripts of Ancient Northwestsemitic Seals, 1978.