In Roman law the thief who obtains his loot through break and entry. According to Dig. 47,18 he commits a criminal act that is prosecuted as a crimen (publicum). In the Republic it was still a civil offence. An escapee was called an effractor (carceris) and was also prosecuted as the perpetrator of a crimen in a cognitio extra ordinem .
Cite this pageSchiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Effractor”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e326540>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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