Brill’s New Pauly

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(325 words)

[German version]

Language of Pharaonic Egypt, in contrast to modern Egyptian (= Arabic), also known as Ancient Egyptian in the context of Afro-Asian languages. In the course of its long tradition from the end of the 3rd millennium BC, it went through several stages: Old, Middle, and New Egyptian (in the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and from the  Amarna period),  Demotic (from the 7th cent. BC) up to  Coptic, the language of Christian Egypt that survived well into Arabic times. These transitions took place around the language's fixed core and led to significant c…

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Osing, Jürgen (Berlin), “Egyptian”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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