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Elam
(533 words)

[German version]

(Elamite haltamti; Sumerian elam(a), graphically ‘explained’ as NIM.KI, ‘Upper Land ’; Akkadian elamtu; Hebrew ēlām). The name was adopted in the West with the Bible (Gen 14) serving as intermediary. The geographical boundaries of E. varied but the core region was the lowland of modern Ḫuzestān (Khuzistan) with  Susa (settled since about 4,000 BC), later also the Iranian highland ( Persis) centred on Anšan (the largest known Proto-Elamite site [2. 123]; modern Tappe Malyān, 42 km west of  Persepolis). In the east it extended to Kermān and the margins of…

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Koch, Heidemarie (Marburg), “Elam”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e328420>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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