Brill’s New Pauly

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(558 words)

[German version]

(λέξις; léxis). When first mentioned (Cic. Inv. 1,9) and discussed (Rhet. Her. 1,3; 4,10ff.) in Latin, elocutio was seen as the third stage of the work of the orator ( officia oratoris ). According to these sources, elocutio consists of four parts, the aretaí tês léxeōs (virtutes elocutionis): 1. ἑλληνισμός (hellēnismós), latinitas: grammatical correctness; 2. σαφήνεια (saphḗneia), explanatio: clarity; 3. πρέπον (prépon), decorum, aptum (missing in Rhet. Her.; according to Cic. De or. 1,132, it is impossible to teach decere in an ars): aptness; 4. κατασκευή (katas…

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Calboli, Gualtiero (Bologna), “Elocutio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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