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Emergency, state of
(674 words)

[German version]

is the extreme form of an internal crisis, to which state authorities respond with extraordinary, i.e. unlawful measures. A similar response to internal crises by state authorities did not arise in the Greek city states. As responses to crisis-like situations there, we find trials against individual citizens, instigated by other individual citizens (see  Herms, mutilation of the); or on occasion groups sought to resolve a crisis by means of a putsch (see  Oligarchy), or conditions developed similar to a civil war ( Stasis ). In Rome the state of emergency could…

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von Ungern-Sternberg, Jürgen (Basle), “Emergency, state of”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 March 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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