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Enklema
(172 words)

[German version]

(ἔγκλημα; énklēma). In general Greek usage ‘reproach’, in the laws of Athens ‘suit’ in civil trials, in the criminal law of Egyptian papyri ‘charge’. Before the law, which in Athens required written form for the court file (presumably 378/7 BC), the enklema was a verbal application to the head of the court ( dikastḗrion 3.) to open the trial, which included the name of the parties, the suit and, if provided, (in the  tímētos agṓn ), an estimate of the judgement sum. Written enklḗmata are preserved in Dem. Or. 37,22-32; 45,46, and imprecisely called  graphḗ or (with the re…

Cite this page
Thür, Gerhard (Graz), “Enklema”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 29 November 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e330560>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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