The term equites Romani (ER) originally described the mounted contingent of the Roman citizenry; in the course of the history of the Republic it came to denote the second rank (ordo) after that of the senators; it thus concerned citizens from whom mounted service was no longer required, but who were definitely entitled to serve as officers in the army. This evolutionary process is not clearly described in …
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Lintott, A. W. (Oxford),
“Equites Romani”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e400470>