Brill’s New Pauly

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(210 words)

(ἔρανος; éranos).

Etymology uncertain; the word originally meant ‘a meal for friends’ (Hom. Od., Pind.). The cost was borne in common by the participants. Collections made among friends in order to present a gift to one of them were also called éranoi; to give gifts in return was merely customary, not a statutory obligation (Theophr. Char. 17,9). Two legal institutions developed on this basis:

[German version]

[1] Collective fund

A kind of collective wealth. Funds (eisphoraí) collected by a group of individuals (plērōtaí, D…

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Thür, Gerhard (Graz), “Eranos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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