Brill’s New Pauly

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(357 words)

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(Ἐρεχθεύς; Erechtheús). Mythical king of Athens, with an important cult on the Athenian Acropolis. It is difficult to classify E. as a hero or a god: his cult title in the earlier period is Poseidon E. (e.g. IG I3 873; Eur. Erechtheus fr. 65,93-4), but he was ascribed a human past, and as a phyle hero ( Eponymos) has equal status with the other nine (although in the canonic order of phyles he is listed first). There is much cross-contamination between E. (written Erichtheus on the  Marmor Parium) and  Erichthonius; whether the two were originally identical has not ye…

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Kearns, Emily (Oxford), “Erechtheus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 11 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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